World Energy Consumption- Renewable, Non-Emitting, and Non-Renewable

The surge of energy consumption in the recent decades is fuelled by population growth and industrial developments, which have outpaced our ability to sustainably 'Protect Our Planets Lungs, within the Oceans and Forests'.

Oil, Coal, and Gas continue to dominate our energy consumption. As non-renewable fossil fuels, they are heavy emitters of carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas) responsible for our global climate change. The greenhouse effect absorbs heat (by water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, ozone, nitrous oxide and chlorofluorocarbons) and increases our earth's average surface temperature. 

Carbon emissions are decelerating with slowing primary energy consumption and a shift from coal onto renewables and natural gas. 

Data from BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2022 ↗, IEA Electricity Generation by Source from 1990-2018. Also see Visual Capitalist- Energy Consumption by Country

EIA- Download Chart PDF, and Energy Details Explained

Opportunities & Obstacles:

We have an urge for technology innovation and investments to attain Net-Zero CO2 emissions, for environmental sustainability targets. Opportunities drive to improve reliability, supply, economic feasibility, land usage and infrastructure developments:

IEA Clean Energy Innovation & Technology Guide ↗ 

4. Carbon Capture, Utilisation & Storage

5. Electrification in Transportation and Heating


Nuclear Fission is used to continuously split uranium atoms. The heat energy released is used to make steam that will drive a turbine and generate electricity.

Nuclear Power is used to provide stable (baseload) grids and energy security, with reduced dependence on imported fuels.


440 Nuclear Power Reactor in Operation (mapped locations )

Mouse controls: hover- country info, left click- zoom in, right click- zoom out

Canadian Nuclear Facts by CNA

CANDU Locations- A Canadian Design and Technology


Global Solar Atlas


Global Wind Atlas, Wind Map & Weather, Wind Finder (all ↗)

Canadian Wind Energy Association (CanWEA)- see: infographic


The composition is primarily Methane (70-90%):

Canada's Pipelines Network: