1429.6 TWh of Wind power generation in 2019 (+12.6% growth from 2018)
Compared to 724 TWh of Solar (+24.3% growth)
A 23% average annual growth rate over the past 30 years (source: IEA renewables)
It all comes together- Wind Resources coupled with the Technology, Parts, Aerodynamics, & Control Systems
Originated from wind mills used for milling grain, draining rice fields, driving scoop wheels for pumping water, and sawing wood.
Evolved to wind turbines from a vertical to a horizontal axis of rotation, with the most common being a lift-driven rotor with upwind orientation and 3 blades.
Today's primary Wind Turbine Generators (WTG) use wind's kinetic energy to produce mechanical power and transform it into electricity:
The majority of WTGs are for large utility grids and in the capacity range of 1.5 to 5 MW
They can achieve up to 9.5 MW power ratings- see the Top 10 wind turbines on the market