A Zero-Carbon Grid

Many scenarios exist to how we can achieve GHG emission-free electricity generation.

Challenges remain in overcoming: reliability, intermittent supply, economic feasibility, land usage and infrastructure developments.

  1. Renewables: https://ourworldindata.org/cheap-renewables-growth

    • Solar (photovoltaics)

    • Wind (off-shore potential)

  2. Nuclear

    • Fission

    • Fusion

  3. Energy Storage

  • Flow Batteries and improving Lithium-Ion

  • Pumped Hydro (incl. underground reservoirs)

  • Thermal Storage (ex. molten salt)

  • Hydrogen (improving the electrolysis process and electrolyzers)

4. Carbon Capture

  • Point Capture

  • Direct Air Capture

Ontario Electricity

Rates are Determined by the Ontario Energy Board (OEB)

The Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) directs the flow of electricity on the market

Generation in Ontario is produced by a variety of Fuel Types

Electric Vehicles

  • Strong potential to improve air quality- reducing polluting NO2 and PM_2.5 (fine particulate matter)

  • Dependant on the GHG emission-free electricity generation sources

Compare Fuel Economy: https://www.fueleconomy.gov/